001. Building Information Modelling (BIM)

It is a methodology for building design, construction, and maintenance. The result is a digital model of the building that includes 3D geometry information and data information. Different professionals and stakeholders involved in the process use BIM to provide and acquire information, optimising the design, construction, maintenance, and renovation process. BIM combines all information in one and has the potential to be the only source of information throughout the building’s life cycle.

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002.Common Data Environment (CDE)

It is an internet-based environment defined by ISO 1950:2018 as an “agreed source of information for any given project or asset, for collecting, managing, and disseminating each information container through a managed process”.

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003. Interoperability

In ICT, Interoperability represents the ability of a product or a system to exchange and share information and, consequently, operate with other products in an efficient way.

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004. Scan-to-BIM

It is a methodology that uses laser scanning or other equipment to acquire information from existing buildings in order to create a BIM model for renovation projects.

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005. Virtual Reality (VR)

The virtual reality is a computer generated environment disconnected from the real environment experienced by the user. Devices such as smart glasses and headsets can provide the user with a fully immersive experience in the virtual environment.

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006. Augmented Reality (AR)

This technology generates a virtual environment that supplements the real environment. The user’s real environment is added by information from the virtual coming from devices such as smart glasses, headsets or tablets.

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007. Sensor stick

The sensor stick is a device developed by BIM4EEB for scan-to-BIM hidden elements in the wall such as wall studs, water pipes, and electrical ducts.

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008. Building management system (BMS)

It is a computer-based system connected to building services, such as air conditioning, heating systems that controls and monitors the building equipment targeting optimum use.

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009. BACS – Building Automation Control System

The technology enables building services (heating systems, air-conditioning, lighting, etc) to be controlled and automated to provide an efficient use of energy and resources.

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0010. Location-based management system (LBMS)

LBMS is a management system for planning and controlling construction projects by providing continuous workflow to crews, increasing productivity and minimizing interruptions (Kenley and Seppänen 2009).

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0011. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

It is an international non-governmental organization whose main activity is to promote international standards. Its members are coming from all over the world and are divided into technical committees.

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0012. Building SMART

It is a consortium of software vendors which aims at developing standard methods for the improvement of Interoperability. It has developed the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC).

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0013. IFC - Industry Foundation Classes

Industry Foundation Classes is a vendor-neutral data model specification for information exchange for BIM based projects in the construction sector, developed by BuildingSMART. It is registered by ISO as an open standard (ISO 16739).

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0014. XML - Extensible Markup Language

In ITC, XML is a markup language developed by the W3C that enables users to define custom tags for the description of a document

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0015. World Wide Web Community (W3C)

It is an international standards organization born in 1994 and it develops standards for the Web. Some of their most important standards are the Web Ontology Language (OWL), the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and the Resource Description Framework (RDF).

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0016. RDF – Resource Description Framework

It is a standard from W3C defining a data model, often used for modelling in web resources and Ontologies. It is based on statements in the form of subject-predicate-object, where usually web resources act as subject or object.

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0019. Open BIM standards

The Open BIM standards are those related to the management of built assets according to the Open BIM principles. The main open BIM standard is IFC – Industry Foundation Classes, but the category includes also IFC-based or related standards like Model View Definitions (MVD) or BIM Collaboration Format (BCF) published by ISO, BSi and other national or international organizations.

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0020. Owner’s Project Requirement

The Owner’s Project Requirement is the functional and performance requirements that will fulfill the needs of the clients, occupants and operators. The design and construction team should match these requirements during the renovation process to deliver a building suitable for its purpose.

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0021. Linked data

Structured data which is interlinked with other data so it becomes more useful through semantic queries. It builds upon standard Web technologies such as HTTP, RDF and URIs, but rather than using them to serve web pages only for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers. Informally “linked data” can also mean any methods to make a reference from one dataset to another, external dataset (belonging to a different model or system, or residing in a different host). (from D7.1)

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0022. Energy refurbishment

Energy refurbishment is the process of building renovation aiming to improve the building energy performance by acting on both the building envelope and the energy systems.

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0023. Design Option

In a design process, an option is one of the possible scenarios for a building design. The analysis of different scenarios is fundamental for the decision-making in building renovation projects.

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0024. Building renovation

It is the process of modification or substitution of building elements to restore the initial properties and performances or to increase them over a defined condition (from ISO 6707-1).

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0025. Health and Safety

Often referred to as H&S, this term refers to the procedures to guarantee the workers and stakeholders a healthy and safe environment, ensuring the well being at the construction site.

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0026. Master schedule

Master schedule is defined as a schedule for the construction phase that is agreed by Client/Owner and Main contractor and other project partners who have contractual relationships with clients.

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